Articles by Dr. Ruf



How Smart Is My Child? Using the Ruf Estimates™ of Levels of Gifted

5 Levels of Gifted: School Issues and Educational Options (2005) (formerly titled Losing Our Minds: Gifted Children Left Behind). 5 Levels of Gifted, published by Great Potential Press, combines four years of data gathering from 50 families with nearly 30 years of research and experience in the field of giftedness, individual differences, and high intelligence. The book is aimed primarily at parents and vividly describes the upper 10 to 15 percent of the intellectual continuum in human beings from birth to adulthood as manifested in their behaviors, thoughts, accomplishments, and test scores. She introduces the concept of Levels of Giftedness and makes it very clear how many factors contribute to a person's intellectual levels and achievement. Learn More or Buy Now.   

Chapter on Self-Actualization & Morality of the Gifted: Environmental, Familial, and Personal Factors in Morality, Ethics, and Gifted Minds, edited by Donald Ambrose & Tracy Cross, Springer Publications.
This book brings together the leading thinkers from diverse scholarly fields to share and integrate their perspectives on morality and high ability (giftedness, talent, creativity). Click here to read the first three pages of Dr. Ruf's chapter.

Encyclopedia coverEntry on Levels of Gifted, Encyclopedia of Giftedness, edited by Barbara Kerr, Sage Publications.
This two-volume set presents state-of-the-art research and ready-to-use facts from the fields of education, psychology, sociology, and the arts. More than 400 entries sort out research findings on giftedness and creativity and their applications in education, training, science and the arts, athletics, and everyday life.

How Personality and Gender May Relate to Individual Attitudes Toward Caring for and About Others, with David Radosevich, Roeper Review, October 2009. Heightened global awareness and caring are reported as attributes of high intelligence. But Dr. Ruf noted enough exceptions in her gifted clientele to question whether feelings of global concern are further related to personality type and gender.


Ph.D. Dissertation

"Environmental, Familial, and Personal Factors That Affect the Self-Actualization of Highly Gifted Adults: Case Studies,” the first three chapters of Dr. Ruf's Ph.D. dissertation, completed December 1998. Full dissertation available... Order bound copy $35 or Order PDF file copy $15

Technical Manual

"Assessment Service Bulletin on High Ability Assessment for the Stanford-Binet Five Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition," Riverside Publishing, 2003 (this is a Adobe pdf document, click to download free Adobe Reader)


Additional Articles and Research

"EQ & the IQ Connection," Wallace Symposium presentation, May, 2000

"Getting Inside Kids Heads: How to Design Lessons that Foster Positive Social Action," 2008

"Gifted Child Personality Types and Effective School Lesson Plans," 2008

"Gifted or Highly Gifted? What's the Difference?   Article appeared in the March 2009 issue of Parenting for High Potential, the National Association for Gifted Children’s parent publication.  It is included here with permission from NAGC.

"How Smart is My Child?" 2010

"How to Partial Homeschool: Quick Overview," 2009

“If You're So Smart, Why Do You Need Counseling?” Advanced Development Journal, January 2000

"Independence and Relationship Issues in Intellectually Gifted Adolescents," Mensa Bulletin, British Mensa Magazine, 2003

Mensa Research Journal, Vol. 38, No. 3, Fall 2007, Homeschooling for the Gifted, Dr. Ruf, guest editor

"One Profoundly Gifted Kid's Story." Article appeared in the September 2008 issue of Parenting for High Potential, the National Association for Gifted Children’s parent publication.  It is included here with permission from NAGC.

"Over-Identification of ADD/ADHD in the Gifted," NAGC, Guidance & Counseling Division Newsletter, 2001

"Parent and Gifted Child Personality Types and School Adjustment," 2011